ATIVIDADE FÍSICA E ESTRESSE PSICOLÓGICO EM ADOLESCENTES: REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA

Marcio Botelho Peixoto, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Virgílio Viana Ramires, Helen Denise Gonçalves

Resumo


O objetivo do estudo foi revisar sistematicamente a literatura sobre a associação entre a prática de atividade física e estresse em adolescentes. Foram analisadas as bases de dados da PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PsycInfo, e ADOLEC. Foi realizada a avaliação da qualidade metodológica dos artigos e todo o processo de revisão foi realizado por pares. Foram identificados 19.460 títulos, onde 176 resumos foram analisados e 104 artigos apreciados na íntegra. Ao final do processo, 11 artigos foram incluídos, cuja avaliação da qualidade metodológica apresentaram em média 9,0 (DP 1,5) pontos de 14 itens avaliados. Independente da direcionalidade, os estudos indicaram uma associação inexistente ou de pequena magnitude entre a prática de atividade física e o estresse (ou estresse psicológico) entre adolescentes investigados com delineamentos observacionais distintos. Estudos experimentais parecem demonstrar um efeito positivo da atividade física sobre o estresse. Maiores evidências sobre o tema ainda são necessárias, considerando diferentes aspectos do contexto familiar e do ambiente, temporalidade das associações e maior diversidade de práticas de atividade física nos estudos experimentais.


Palavras-chave


Atividade motora; Estresse psicológico; Adolescente.

Texto completo:

PORTUGUÊS

Referências


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18310/2446-4813.2018v4n1p143-159

DOI (PORTUGUÊS): https://doi.org/10.18310/2446-48132018v4n1.894g244

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A revista Saúde em Redes (ISSN 2446-4813) foi classificada pelo Sistema Qualis-Periódico da CAPES no Quadriênio 2014/2016, período de sua criação, no estrato B1 na área de Ensino, no estrato B4 nas áreas de Enfermagem, Interdisciplinar, Psicologia, Saúde Coletiva e Serviço Social e no estrato B5 nas áreas de Geociências e Medicina II. A Saúde em Redes é indexada na Base LILACS.

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